釋色如果我是 Free Coloring IF I Were 2018

English below

釋色如果我是

有響應#MeToo運動的性侵受害人遭網絡欺凌,文晶瑩頓感同理心的重要性,於是創作了三款填色紙,分別是如果我是受害人、施暴者和旁觀者,觀眾可以代入三種角色想想,在展覽開放期間大家一起製作作品,填色和聊聊相關話題。

為何「如果我是」三種人?

受害人被指責、縱容加害人、旁觀的助紂為虐,問題核心和社會文化、教育和法律都有關係。不能只單看某一方,所以作品設置了三個角色。

我們由始作俑者加害人開始看看,一般人都有性慾,為何有些人會成為加害人?Finkelhor(1984)提出性罪行的4個先決條件:
1. 加害人想與受害人發生性接觸;
2. 加害人能克服良心責備或不害怕被懲罰;
3. 外在環境許可;
4. 加害人能克服受害人的阻力。

同時有這四個情況,罪行便有可能發生。參考Finkelhor的理論,要防止罪行發生,可以怎樣能喚醒加害人的良心?怎樣另他們明白犯事會有後果?社會怎麼提供一個安全友善、尊重身體自主權、包容差異的環境?遇事旁觀者會否相助?怎樣強化潛在受害人及所有人的心理質素?怎樣學懂得自保和應對?所以作品《釋色如果我是》有三款,希望自己和大家對這三種人都有多些想像、同理。

為何填色?

參考《秘密花園》填色書,填色有療癒的作用,也因為活動可以凝聚大家一起討論和一起做些事情,相信這樣有助打破禁忌,及更深入理解議題。大家一起填色,圖案是花,回歸大自然往往都可帶來平靜,填色紙的空間也可以讓大家發表意見。

社會交往式藝術

藝術可以是尋找自我的過程,甚麼才是自己真正的想法?答案需要思考和時間的沈澱。對於性侵議題,創作者很佩服有勇氣站出來說自己的故事的受害人,她們的說話應被重視及得到支持。若還未能説出口,需時間思考的,可以甚麼也不用說,先療癒自己,所以今次活動,大家可以選擇只簡單填色,亦可以寫下自己的看法。作品題目是「釋色」而不是「填色」,是因為自我已存在,通過藝術,我們尋回和釋放原本的自己。

「釋色如果我是:文晶瑩社會交往式藝術」為火炭藝術工作室開放日2018參展活動之一。

展覽資料

名稱:釋色如果我是:文晶瑩社會交往式藝術
日期:2018年1月20, 21, 27 及 28日
時間:下午二時至七時
地址:火炭山尾街華樂工業中心D座17 樓 41室 “有何不可?” 藝術工作室
聯絡人:文晶瑩
文晶瑩網頁:http://www.cyman.net/
火炭藝術工作室開放日2018網頁:http://www.fotanstudios.org/aboutus.htm

Free Coloring If I Were

Victims of sex assault resorting to #MeToo posts have been attacked. This made Phoebe Man think empathy is important. She has made three types of line drawings for coloring: “If I were a victim”, “If I were a perpetrator” and “If I were a bystander”. Viewers can put themselves in the shoes of these 3 kinds of people. With reference to the coloring book “Secret Garden,” coloring the line drawings can experience healing and meditation. Besides, this topic needs to be discussed freely, at length. Her studio was opened to discuss the topic and for the public to color the pictures.


Why three different kinds of shoes?

People normally have sexual desires but why someone may sexually abuse? Finkelhor(1984)said there are 4 pre-conditions for occurrence of crime:
1. The potential sexual abuser must have some motivation to have sexual contacts with the victim.
2. The potential abuser must overcome his or her own inhibitions against illegal sexual activity.
3. An opportunity to engage in sexual activity with the victim should arise.
4. The resistance of the victim to the sexual activity must be overcome.

According to Finkelhor’s theory, to prevent crimes effectively, emphasis should be on the perpetrators. He or she is the one who takes the initiative. Is there any way to appeal to the perpetrator’s conscience? How to let them know there are consequences of crime? A generally safe environment and the bystanders’ help are also essential. Does the community provide a safe environment? Can people be informed what they can and should do if they think a crime is about to happen? The potential victims should also be informed. How to strengthen them psychological and physically?
Therefore the art work “Free Coloring If I were” has 3 sets and Phoebe hopes people can have more imagination to visualise themselves as one of these 3 kinds of people.

Why coloring?

In addition to the sense of healing the process of coloring can provide, the open studio activity can gather people together to discuss and do something together, which might be able to promote a deeper understanding of the issue. The coloring objects are flowers. Returning to nature can usually generate a feeling of calm. There is space on paper for people to express their views.

Socially Engaged Art

Art can be a process of exploring the self. It takes time to find the answers. For the issue of sexual assault, Phoebe admires #MeToo victims/survivors who have had the courage to tell their stories and she think their words should be valued and supported. For those who are not ready to speak out, they do not need to do so. They should take care of themselves first. Therefore, for this open studio activity, people can choose to simply fill in the color and/or write down their opinion. The title of the work is “Free Coloring” instead of “filling in the color” because the self exists and through art we find and free the original self.
“Free Coloring If I were: Socially Engaged Art by Phoebe Man” is part of Fotan Open Studio 2018.

Exhibition details:
Event: Fotan Open Studio 2018
Date: 20th, 21st, 27th & 28th January 2018 (Sat & Sun)
Opening Hour: 2pm to 7pm
Location: “Why Not?” Art Workshop – Unit 41, 17th Floor, Block D, Wah Lok Industrial Centre, Shan Mei Street, Fo Tan, N.T.
Inquiry: Phoebe Man
Phoebe Man’s homepage:http://www.cyman.net/
Web site of Fotan Open Studio 2018: http://www.fotanstudios.org/aboutus.htm

Reference:
Finkelhol, D. Child Sexual Abuse: New theory and research. New York: The Free
Press, 1984. Print.

victim_framedPrintbystander_line

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