展覽簡介 About the show

English below

近期看見性侵受害人遭網絡攻擊,頓感同理心的重要性,於是創作了三款填色紙,分別是如果我是受害人、施暴者和旁觀者,觀眾可以代入三種角色想想,在火炭開放工作室期間可到我的工作室大家一起填色和聊聊相關話題。參考《秘密花園》填色書,填色有療癒、靜心思考的作用,這對相關人士或許有作用。另方面,這議題亦應可自由討論,所以今次開放工作室回歸藝術製作的模式,我會與公眾一起填色、聊天,完成的作品會製成動畫,在本地和外地展出,進一步推動公眾對相關議題的關注。

為何「如果我是」三種人?

一般人都有性慾,為何有些人會成為強姦犯?
Finkelhor(1984)提出性罪行的4個先決條件:
1. 施暴者想與受害人發生性接觸;
2. 施暴者能克服良心責備或不害怕被懲罰;
3. 外在環境許可,例如與受害者獨處,或在擠迫的公共交通工具上,(我引伸又例如在一個喜歡責備受害人、縱容施暴者的文化內,對想追求正義的人不友善的環境) ;
4. 施暴者能克服受害人的阻力,例如他/她們會專挑害羞怕事的女孩或小孩子,又或能夠說服受害人(通過威脅,乞討或迷惑的手段,說這是愛之類)不舉報罪行。

根據Finkelhor的理論,看來要有效防止罪行,重點應在施暴者,始終他/她們都是主動那一個,一方面喚醒他/她們的良心,另方面要明白犯事會有後果。環境和旁觀者亦有責任,社會有沒有提供一個安全的環境?遇事旁觀者會否相助?亦應強化潛在受害人及所有人的心理質素,要懂得自保和應對。

所以作品《釋色如果我是》有三款,希望自己和大家對這三種人都有多些想像。

為何是填色?

除上所述,填色有療癒的作用,也因為活動可以集合大家一起討論和一起做些事情,相信這樣對議題可以有深入一些的理解。大家一起填色,圖案是花,回歸大自然往往都可帶來平靜,填色紙的空間也可以讓大家發表意見。我們又可以邊畫邊聊,一張圖就是一格動畫,我會集合大家的創作會變成動畫展出。可參考我之前的動畫「一人一心」。(https://vimeo.com/138152214

社會交往式藝術

藝術可以是尋找自我的過程,甚麼才是自己真正的想法?答案需要思考和時間的沈澱。對於性侵議題,我很佩服有勇氣站出來說自己的故事的#MeToo受害人,她們的說話應被重視及得到支持。若還未能説出口,需時間思考的,可以甚麼也不用說,先療癒自己,所以今次活動,大家可以選擇只簡單填色,亦可以寫下自己的看法。作品題目是「釋色」而不是「填色」,是因為自我已存在,通過藝術,我們尋回和釋放原本的自己。

展覽資料

名稱:釋色如果我是:文晶瑩社會交往式藝術
日期:2018年1月20, 21, 27 及 28日
時間:下午二時至七時
地址:火炭山尾街華樂工業中心D座17 樓 41室 “有何不可?” 藝術工場
聯絡人:文晶瑩
電郵:smphoebe[at]netvigator [dot]com
文晶瑩網頁:http://www.cyman.net/

Recently, victims of sex assault resorting to #MeToo posts have been attacked. This made me think empathy is important. I have made three types of line drawings for coloring: “If I were a victim”, “If I were a perpetrator” and “If I were a bystander”. Viewers can put themselves in the shoes of these 3 kinds of people. With reference to the coloring book “Secret Garden,” coloring the line drawings can experience healing and meditation. It might be useful for the related people. Besides, this topic needs to be discussed freely, at length. My studio will be open so we can talk about the topic and coloring the pictures in my studio. The completed works will be combined to make an animation and showed in local and overseas exhibitions to further promote the public concern on the issue of sexual assault.

Why three different kinds of shoes?

People normally have sexual desires but why someone may sexually abuse? Finkelhor(1984)said there are 4 pre-conditions for occurrence of crime:
1. The potential sexual abuser must have some motivation to have sexual contacts with the victim.
2. The potential abuser must overcome his or her own inhibitions against illegal sexual activity, e.g. find excuses so there are no conscience issues and/or fear of punishment.
3. An opportunity to engage in sexual activity with the victim should arise, e.g. when the victim is alone, drunk or unconscious or the abuser is able to exercise some kind of control on the victim or the abuser and the victim are commuting by public transport and it is so crowded that body contact is unavoidable. However, offenders generally have secure settings like a private space in which they can assault the victim without interruption. Moreover, the culture of blaming the victim and indulging in violence can also help.
4. The resistance of the victim to the sexual activity must be overcome. The potential abuser usually looks for shy girls or innocent children who can be persuaded through threatening, begging or creating confusion and not to report the offense.

According to Finkelhor’s theory, to prevent crimes effectively, emphasis should be on the perpetrators. He or she is the one who takes the initiative. Is there any way to appeal to the perpetrator’s conscience? How to let them know there are consequences of crime? A generally safe environment and the bystanders’ help are also essential. Does the community provide a safe environment? Can people be informed what they can and should do if they think a crime is about to happen? The potential victims should also be informed. How to strengthen them psychological and physically?
Therefore the art work “Free Coloring If I were” has 3 sets and I hope people can have more imagination to visualise themselves as one of these 3 kinds of people.

Why coloring?

In addition to the sense of healing the process of coloring can provide, the open studio activity can gather people together to discuss and do something together, which might be able to promote a deeper understanding of the issue. The coloring objects are flowers. Returning to nature can usually generate a feeling of calm. There is space on paper for people to express their views. We can chat and fill in the color at the same time. Each picture is a frame of an animation. I will combine the frames and turn the whole thing into an animation. My former animation “One Person One Heart” can be a reference.(https://vimeo.com/138152214

Socially Engaged Art 

Art can be a process of exploring the self. It takes time to find the answers. For the issue of sexual assault, I admire #MeToo victims/survivors who have had the courage to tell their stories and I think their words should be valued and supported. For those who are not ready to speak out, they do not need to do so. They should take care of themselves first. Therefore, for this open studio activity, people can choose to simply fill in the color and/or write down their opinion. The title of the work is “Free Coloring” instead of “filling in the color” because the self exists and through art we find and free the original self.

Exhibition details:
Event: Fotan Open Studio 2018
Date: 20th, 21st, 27th & 28th January 2018 (Sat & Sun)
Opening Hour: 2pm to 7pm
Location: “Why Not?” Art Workshop – Unit 41, 17th Floor, Block D, Wah Lok Industrial Centre, Shan Mei Street, Fo Tan, N.T.
Inquiry: Phoebe Man
Email: smphoebe[at]netvigator [dot]com
Phoebe Man’s homepage:http://www.cyman.net/

資料來源
1. 吳惠貞,《風雨蘭466個受害人的呼聲:性暴力問題不容忽視》,香港:關注婦女性暴力協會, 2005。
2.Reddington, Frances P. and Kreisel, Betsy Wright (edited). Sexual assault : the victims, the perpetrators, and the criminal justice system, Durham, N.C. : Carolina Academic Press, 2009.
3. Basford, Johanna. Secret garden: an inky treasure hunt and coloring book. Laurence King Publishing, 2013.
4. Finkelhor, D. Child Sexual Abuse: New theory and research. New York: The Free Press, 1984. Print.

Reference
1. Ng, Irene. RainLily 466 Calls from the Victims: The problem of Sexual Violence Cannot Be Ignored. Association Concerning Sexual Violence Against Women, Jan. 2005.
2.Reddington, Frances P. and Kreisel, Betsy Wright (edited). Sexual assault : the victims, the perpetrators, and the criminal justice system, Durham, N.C. : Carolina Academic Press, 2009.
3. Basford, Johanna. Secret garden: an inky treasure hunt and coloring book. Laurence King Publishing, 2013.
4. Finkelhor, D. Child Sexual Abuse: New theory and research. New York: The Free Press, 1984. Print.

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